Top 20 ways to prevent diabetes
Diabetes is a serious disease and the number of people affected with it has skyrocketed in the last couple of years.
If you think diabetes affects only elderly people then think again. By adopting few simple tips, you can turn off the diabetes clock. To get started, try these simple diabetes prevention tips, shared by Sunita Pathania - Sr. Registered Dietician and Diabetes Educator, Healthy Living Diet Clinic, Mumbai.
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The Secret Benefits of Beards
From sprouting a little scruff to going straight-up Galifianakis, there's good reason to take a break from your razor this summer—and not just because it can speed up your morning routine. Research shows that growing a beard is actually the key to keeping you younger-looking, naturally moisturized, and cancer-free. Here, five doctor-approved reasons to let your beard grow.
1. Sun Protection
According to recent research from the University of Southern Queensland, beards block up to 95 percent of the sun's UV rays, which can play a huge role in preventing basal-cell carcinomas (the most common form of all cancers). Key stats to know: Four out of five cases in men appear on the face, head, or neck and the sun is to blame for up to 90 percent of the visible signs of aging. So while facial hair won't keep your forehead from developing Jack Nicholsonesque creases, it will keep the bottom half of your face looking young.
2. Blemish-Free Skin
Forgoing the razor doesn't just hide blemishes—it actually prevents them. "Razor rash, acne, and folliculitis [hair-follicle inflammation] are often the result of shaving," says Shannon C. Trotter, D.O., a fellow of the Osteopathic College of Dermatology and a dermatologist at the Ohio State Wexner Medical Center. "Razors can irritate the skin or even spread bacteria, causing an infection of the hair follicle."
3. More Masculinity
There's a reason you'd never steal a lumberjack's lady: The more facial hair a man has, the more masculine both men and women perceive him to be, according to research published in Evolution and Human Behavior. If pure, unadulterated masculinity is what you're going for, let your beard hang low. If you're looking to impress the opposite sex, skip the razor for 10 glorious days in a row; the study found that's the length women find the most attractive.
4. Natural Moisture
You probably didn't know your face has its own built-in moisturizing regimen—it's called your sebaceous glands (oil glands for short) and, according to Trotter, it secretes a natural oil that keeps skin moisturized. A thick beard not only prevents you from rubbing it off of your face, it also protects the face from wind exposure, which leads to redness and dryness (just in case you were planning your next high-altitude climb).
5. Trapped Allergens
Your nose hairs trap more than you think they do. In addition to what you see in a tissue, nose hairs trap pollutants that could actually cause your body harm. So the more hair you have under your airways (read: the bigger your beard), the more pollutants you're snaring every day, according to Clifford W. Bassett, M.D., Allergy and Asthma Care of NY medical director. Just be sure to treat your beard like any other filter and wash it regularly.... Read More
Cancer Health Article
Cancer is the end product of a multistep process (carcinogenesis) that occurs over many years. The term "cancer" actually refers to numerous distinct diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth and differentiation. Cancers are categorized by the organ and/or cell of origin. For example, squamous cell carcinoma of the lung arises from pulmonary epithelial tissue, whereas adenocarcinoma of the breast arises from mammary duct epithelium. The natural history of a cancer is highly dependent on the organ and cell type from which it is derived. In addition, prognosis is influenced by the stage and histologic grade of the cancer. Staging is generally designated by the TNM (tumor, nodes, metastasis) staging system, which takes into account the size of the primary tumor(T), the extent to which local lymph nodes (glands) are involved (N), and whether or not distant metastases are present (M). The histologic grade, determined by microscopic examination of the biopsy specimen, provides an objective assessment of the degree of cellular differentiation.
INCIDENCE, PREVALENCE, AND MORTALITY
The worldwide burden of cancer is a major health problem, with more than 8 million new cases and 5 million deaths per year. The burden from cancer may be described in terms of incidence (number of new cases per 100,000 each year), prevalence (number of people at a given point in time with a cancer diagnosis), and mortality (number of cancer deaths). With few exceptions, cancer incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates are higher in industrialized countries (e.g., United States, European nations) than in developing countries (e.g., African nations, China). Incidence rates for specific cancers can be dramatically affected by the use of screening procedures to identify asymptomatic disease. This is illustrated by the dramatic increase in the incidence of prostate cancer that accompanied the introduction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in the late 1980s. Similarly, prevalence rates may be a poor index for comparing cancers, because they are dependent upon incidence, natural history, and treatment efficacy. For example, due to the relatively short life expectancy of individuals with pulmonary neoplasms, the prevalence of lung cancer is much lower than that of prostate cancer, despite the higher mortality rates associated with lung cancer. In addition to the impact of screening and natural history, prevalence rates increase as treatment improves, because therapeutic advances enable individuals to live longer following a cancer diagnosis.
Worldwide, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality, followed by stomach cancer. Smoking remains the leading preventable cause of cancer, and mortality and incidence rates of lung cancer rise and fall with smoking rates. The current trend shows a leveling off of smoking-related cancers in developed countries, possibly because of health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts. Geographical variations occur in cancer incidence and mortality, with Africa and Asia generally having lower rates than North America and Europe. However, it has been noted that differences in data collection and diagnostic practices make worldwide cancer comparisons somewhat difficult. Overall, worldwide incidence rates of breast, colon and rectum, and prostate cancers are highest in developed countries, while cancers of the cervix, mouth and pharynx, esophagus, and liver are higher in developing countries. Migration studies generally report that migrants from developing countries to developed countries adopt cancer incidence rates equivalent to those of their new country. For example, studies of Japanese and Chinese immigrants living in the United States show that their risks for prostate and breast cancers increase dramatically the longer they reside in the United States. Similar trends for increased risk are seen among African immigrants in European countries. Geographical variations in cancer incidence and mortality also exist in the United States.... Read More
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by a group of infectious microorganisms that are transmitted mainly through sexual activity. These agents represent a costly, burdensome global public health problem. STDs can cause harmful, often irreversible, clinical complications, including reproductive health problems, fetal and perinatal health problems, and cancer, and they are also linked in a causal chain of events to the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although STDs are largely preventable through behavior modification and sound primary health care, they are under-recognized and under-appreciated as a public health problem by most healthcare providers, the general public, and healthcare policy makers. In 1997, the Institute of Medicine characterized STDs as "hidden epidemics of tremendous health and economic consequence" in the United States and advocated urgent national preventive action.
An estimated 333 million curable STDs occur annually worldwide. In the United States, STDs are among the most frequently reported infectious diseases nationwide. Each year an estimated 15 million new cases of STDs occur in Americans, including nearly 4 million infections in U.S. teenagers. The annual direct and indirect costs of the principal STDs, including sexually transmitted HIV infection, and their complications are estimated at $17 billion.
More than twenty-five bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and yeasts are considered sexually transmissible. Bacterial STDs include those caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Treponema pallidum (syphilis), Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid), and other common sexually transmitted organisms. Chlamydia and gonorrhea cause inflammatory reactions in the host. In women, these organisms can ascend into the upper reproductive tract where pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can cause irreparable damage to the reproductive organs and result in infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In its early stages, syphilis causes painless genital ulcers and other infectious lesions. Left untreated, syphilis moves through the body in stages, damaging many organs over time. Chancroid is associated with painful genital lesions. In pregnant women, acute bacterial STDs can cause potentially fatal congenital infections or perinatal complications, such as eye and lung infections in the newborn. Effective single-dose antimicrobials can cure chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and chancroid.
Viral STDs include the sexually transmitted viral infections caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection), herpes simplex virus type 2 (genital herpes), and human papillomavirus (HPV infection). Initial infections with these organisms may be asymptomatic or cause only mild symptoms. Treatable but not curable, viral STDs appear to be lifelong infections. HIV is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Herpes causes periodic outbreaks of painful genital lesions. Some strains of HPV cause genital warts, and others are important risk factors for cervical dysplasia and invasive cervical cancer. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is another acute viral illness that can be transmitted through sexual activity. Most persons who acquire HBV infection recover and have no complications, but it can sometimes become a chronic health problem.... Read More
Drugs & Treatments - Laser Surgery
Laser surgery uses the heat from a laser beam to destroy cells that need to be removed. Laser surgery can be a very powerful and effective tool, especially when treating a very small or specific area on a patient's body. A laser beam is ve... Read More
10 Ways to Keep Your Children Healthy and Fit
The Rules of Kids' Fitness
Parenting has never been easy. Since the beginning of time, men have tried to keep their children safe and healthy. But instead of protecting kids from, say, starvation and predators, like our cavemen ancestors, these days we're up against a modern batch of challenges: obesity and sedentary behavior—two equally formidable enemies. And since these are fairly new problems, your parents and grandparents might not have all the answers. Well, we don't either. Follow these 10 rules to keeping your kid active, though, and you'll have a great head start.
Rule 1: Don't Rely on Organized Sports
Just because your kid is in T-ball doesn't mean that he's active enough. A new study in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine found that less than 25 percent of student athletes receive the recommended 60 minutes of daily exercise. Plus, the researchers found that the kids spent about 30 minutes of their practice sessions being completely inactive.
Coaches need to make sure everyone is participating in the game, so some children might have to wait their turns to head onto the field, say the scientists. They suggest that adults should take a more active role in the practice sessions, even if that means monitoring children with a pedometer.
America's fight against childhood obesity starts with parents. Here's an action plan to keep your whole family fit.
Rule 2: Keep Play Fun
Don't worry too much about the rules. "Making a game or activity too rigid is the best way to guarantee that a kid won't want to be active," says Men's Health FitsSchools advisor Jim Liston, C.S.C.S. "Your job is to facilitate play, not dictate it." So if kids stop playing an organized game and start chasing a butterfly, just go with it. "As long as young kids are running, jumping, and having fun, they're improving their health and athletic ability."
Rule 3: Turn off the TV...
If you want your kid to get off the couch once in a while, you have to do the same. Case in point: A 2010 study by British researchers found that 6-year-old girls were nearly 3.5 times more likely to watch more than 4 hours of television a day if their parents similarly stared at the tube for 2-4 hours a day. As for boys, the scientists found that the little guys were about 10 times more likely to watch TV for 4 hours a day if their parents did as well.
Luckily, the solution is simple—turn off the tube. But what about "educational TV," you ask? Fact is, only 1 out of every 8 shows for children are real learning opportunities.
Rule 4: ...Unless You're Playing Wii
We're not saying that your child should start spending more time in the living room than the backyard, but kids can have a good workout by playing certain video games. Recently, the American Heart Association officially stated that Wii Fit Plus and Wii Sports Resort games are legitimate ways to stay active. And a recent study in the journal Pediatrics found that kids (aged 10-13) who played Dance Dance Revolution had an exercise session that was comparable to walking at a moderate-intensity pace.
Rule 5: Never Reward Kids with Food
It's no wonder childhood obesity is so prevalent: "We tell our children to eat healthy, but then we reward their good behavior with junk food," says Liston. No, there's nothing wrong with an occasional treat. But to consistently reinforce a kid with ice cream and candy for a job well done—such as finishing his homework—delivers the wrong message. In fact, you should use caution in rewarding kids with any kind of food, including healthy fare. "This practice can teach them that it's good to eat even when they're not hungry," explains Liston. Instead, give them another kind of reward—like extra playtime outside.... Read More
Daily sunscreen may prevent skin aging
Using sunscreen every day may help protect against aging skin, according to a new study from Australia.
Although the benefits of sunscreen are well know when it comes to preventing sunburns and lowering skin cancer risks, researchers said rigorous studies were lacking on how sunscreen use affects the signs of skin aging, or photoaging.
Still, one dermatologist who wasn't involved in the new study said the findings just reinforce what skin doctors already know and tell their patients.
"If you ask most dermatologists… they'll tell you the two things they recommend for people who really want to avoid photoaging are, don't smoke and use sunscreen," said Dr. Alan Boyd, from Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville.
"There are definitely a diminished number of people who have pre-cancerous (skin) changes if they are regular users of sunscreen," he told Reuters Health.
"It's not too much of a leap to assume the signs and features of photoaging would follow hand in hand."
For their new study, Dr. Adele Green from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research and her colleagues analyzed data from 903 adults younger than 55 who were followed between 1992 and 1996.
Half of them were told to put sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater on their head, neck, arms and hands every morning, and to reapply when necessary. The others used sunscreen according to their own discretion.
At the start and end of the study, the researchers measured photoaging using the skin on the back of each person's left hand. They found that over four years, there were no detectable changes in the skin condition of people who were told to use sunscreen daily, once other sun-related factors were taken into account.
Australians in that group were 24 percent less likely to show any increased aging - clinical changes that might not be visible to the naked eye - than those who decided on their own when to wear sunscreen, Green and her colleagues reported Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Beta carotene, which was also given to some of the participants, did not seem to have any protective effect on skin aging, however.
Photoaging happens after long-term exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which penetrates the skin and can cause collagen to break down and DNA to mutate, said Dr. Brundha Balaraman, a dermatology researcher from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
"This study effectively shows that daily sunscreen can reduce the signs of photoaging and photodamage," Balaraman, who also wasn't part of the research team, told Reuters Health in an email.
"I believe that daily use of broad-spectrum sunscreens with frequent reapplications may have more profound measurable effects on photoaging," she added. "But the key to prevention is to develop these healthy sun-protective habits at a young age."... Read More
Cause of Ankle pain
A sprain is a common cause of ankle pain. Pain can also be a result of:
nerve damage or injury, such as sciatica
blocked blood vessels
infection in the joint
A sprain is generally caused when the ankle rolls or twists inward, tearing the ligaments of the ankle that hold the bones together. Rolling the ankle can also cause damage to the cartilage or tendons of your ankle.
Gout occurs when uric acid builds up in the body. This higher than normal concentration of uric acid can deposit crystals in the joints, causing sharp pain. Pseudogout is a similar condition where calcium deposits build up in the joints. Symptoms of both gout and pseudogout include swelling and redness.
Arthritis can also cause ankle pain. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. Multiple types of arthritis can cause pain in the ankles, but osteoarthritis is the most common. Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the joints, and is often a symptom of aging.
Septic arthritis is arthritis that is caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. This can cause pain in the ankles, if the ankles are one of the areas infected. ... Read More